The service mesh technology stack can be used to make cloud-native apps easier to monitor and keep safe. Instead of being built at the application layer, a service mesh is built at the platform layer. Network proxies are used to help microservices talk to each other. Without a service mesh, you can’t deploy an application layer. Service mesh provides end-to-end security that can be changed to fit the complex architecture of cloud-native apps built on top of microservices.
The control plane and the data plane are the two layers that tools for service mesh use to do their jobs. The control plane is in charge of controlling how network proxies work, while the data plane keeps track of how services talk to each other. One of the things the data plane does is keep track of how services talk to each other. Using an application programming interface, the administrator will then be able to make changes to the service mesh or collect data from the whole service mesh (API).
A service mesh is one way that businesses protect their cloud-native apps. This is because apps today are so hard to use. These app parts could be made up of hundreds of different instances, containers, and APIs, each with its own set of features. This is why tools for container management, orchestration, networking, and discovery are often used with service mesh solutions.
1. AWS App Mesh
With AWS App Mesh, it’s much easier to manage and keep an eye on your microservices that are hosted on AWS. The administrator will save a lot of time and work because of this. App Mesh helps you see the big picture by making sure your microservices talk to each other in the same way. This will make it easy for you to figure out how the parts fit together. This makes sure that you can always get to your apps, no matter what.
2. HashiCorp Consul
No matter what the underlying runtime environment is, HashiCorp Consul can be used to connect, secure, and configure services. The Consul service discovery tool helps modern microservices architectures by making it easier for services to talk to each other. Using a service registry, which keeps a list of services and information about their location, status, and availability, makes this possible. A service register might have this information. When the list of services changes, this information is changed right away.
Consul’s networking layer provides a strong base for the rest of the service mesh by being built around the challenges of microservice networking. There could be trouble finding and putting services into groups, isolating and rerouting traffic, and keeping track of what’s going on in the network. Also, this is possible and can be done because the Consul service works well.
The rules for routing traffic in Istio make it easy to control how API requests and data move between services. Istio makes it easy to set up time-sensitive tasks like A/B testing, canary releases, and percentage-based traffic splits. This also makes it easier to make safety mechanisms and service-level controls, such as circuit breakers, timeouts, and retries.
With this component’s out-of-the-box failure recovery features, your app will be more stable if it loses services or the network that it depends on.
4. Google Cloud Traffic Director
Service mesh is a popular abstraction that has been growing in popularity in the industry for a number of years. It makes it easier to roll out new apps and microservices. Traffic is routed through a service mesh using the data plane, which is made up of service proxies like Envoy.
The policy, configuration, and information that these service proxies can use may be given to them by the service mesh control plane. The main job of the GCP product Traffic Director is to give service mesh a fully controlled traffic management plane. With Traffic Director, it’s easy to set up global load balancing across clusters and VM instances in different places, take health checks off the shoulders of service proxies, and make complicated rules for managing traffic.
Envoy is an open source cloud-native program that is meant to be a cloud edge proxy and service proxy.
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